(c,d) Mps-1 mRNA and protein levels correlate with MM phenotype
(c,d) Mps-1 mRNA and protein levels correlate with MM phenotype. is usually overexpressed in MM and that its expression correlates with poor patients end result. = ?0,41; 95%CI ?0.61 to ?0.17; 0.01) (Physique 1a). We dichotomized cases in Mps-1high and Mps-1low, based on whether mRNA levels were above or below the median value, and analyzed survival comparing Kaplan-Meir curves with log-rank test. Mps-1high MM cases had significantly shorter survival compared to Mps-1low MM cases (median survival 254 days vs. 699 days; HR 0.42; 95%CI 0.24 to 0.75; 0.001) (Physique 1b). Analysis of the TCGA dataset, also uncovered that Mps-1 mRNA expression was significantly higher YO-01027 in non-epithelioid (non-E) histologic subtypes (biphasic, sarcomatoid and diffuse MM Cas per TCGA classification), as compared to the epithelioid subtype (Sup. Info. 1). Conversely, no correlation between Mps-1 mRNA expression and different tumor stages was found (Sup. Info. 1). Overall, because non-E MMs are more aggressive and have a worse prognosis,48 the higher Mps-1 expression in the non-E could, at least in part, explain the association between high Mps-1 expression and poor survival. Using the TCGA mesothelioma dataset, a comparison of mRNA and Copy Number Variance indicated that overexpression of Mps-1 mRNA (i.e. highest quartile), was significantly more common in MMs harboring homozygous or heterozygous deletions (Log Odds Ratio = 2.33, 0.001), while no statistical association was found between Mps-1 mRNA overexpression and deletions in the other commonly altered MM tumor suppressor genes, and = 0.043) YO-01027 (Physique 1c). In line with the mRNA data, protein levels of Mps-1 were higher in MM cell lines (Physique 1d). Together, these data supported the hypothesis that Mps-1 might be critical for the development of MM and that it could represent a useful novel therapeutic target. Open in a separate windows Fig.1 Mps-1 expression levels correlate with MM malignancy(a,b) Mps-1 mRNA levels correlate with survival in MM patients. (a) Mps-1 mRNA expression levels (log2) from MM tumors plotted against time of patients survival after diagnosis. (b) Kaplan-Meier survival curve for overall survival of patients with low and high expression of MGC14452 Mps-1. mRNA expression data was obtained from the cBioPortal for Malignancy Genomics dataset. On the basis of median Mps-1 expression, patients were classified as Mps-1 high (median 178) and Mps-1 low (median 178). The curve indicates a statistically significant reduction in overall survival with higher Mps-1 mRNA expression (p = 0.0001). (c,d) Mps-1 mRNA and protein levels correlate with MM phenotype. (c) Mps-1 mRNA levels were detected by qRT-PCR in a panel of MM cell lines and HM cell cultures, using SYBR Green MasterMix (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA, US) on 7900HT Fast Real Time PCR System (Applied Biosystems). The following primer pairs were used; Mps-1: test. Our observations were paralleled by the specific effect of CFI-402257 on MM cells viability, with EC50 values ranging between 20C40 nM (Physique 3a), whereas three normal main HM cultures (from different donors) were largely YO-01027 unaffected at these same concentrations (Physique 3b). Moreover, treatment with CFI-402257 showed a tendency to decrease the number of MM colonies in YO-01027 a soft agar assay (Sup. Info. 4), which closely mimics tridimensional tumor growth, and CFI-402257 significantly reduced colony size (Mill: 67.8% (10 nM) and 46% (100 nM), 0.0001; Phi: 57.4% (10 nM), = 0.0016 and 36.4% (100 nM), 0.0001) (Physique 3c). Open in a separate windows Fig.3 CFI-402257 suppresses growth of MM cells and has no effect on normal mesothelial cellsFive human MM cell lines (a) and three main cultures of mesothelial cells derived from non-cancer patients (b) were plated 3 103 cells/well of 96-well plate and treated with increasing concentrations of CFI-402257. Alamar Blue (Thermo Fisher, MA, US) viability assay was performed after 5 days of treatment. EC50 values were calculated using GraphPad PRISM software. (c) The ability of MM cell lines to form colony in soft agar was evaluated under treatment with 10 nM and 100 nM CFI-402257 or DMSO. Total of 20 (Phi) and 10 (Mill) colonies were.